CHANDRASYA VARSHAA VIGNYEYAA SHARACHCHAIVA THADHAA VIDAHA
HEMANTHOPI GURORGNYEYAHA SHANESTHU SHISHIRO DWIJAA."
Rithu refers to a period of time that is fixed for some special occasion, in this case, the occasion of the seasons.Six rithus are acknowledged. Each rithu lasts two Saura, solar months.A saura month is thirty degrees of the Sun's movement in respect to the equinoxes and solstices; it is the same as the tropical month of the well-known Sun Signs are derived.In fact, the saura months are known as Aries,Taurus, Gemini etc. in the Astronomical Siddhanthas in exactly the same manner as the Sun Signs.
My manodharama:-Thodi and Vakula Bharanam.
VARSHA RITHU:-The rainy season follows the scorching heat of the summer months. The downpour of rainwater on the heated soil touches every heart ,the effect soothing and calming after the onslaught of extreme heat conditions.
Everybody yearns for Varsha Rithu apart from the Vasanth Rithu, rains evoking the romantic and creative spirit in every human being.During the monsoon,for example, many of the Malhar group of ragas, like 1)Shuddha Malhar,2) Mian Ki Malhar,3) Gaud Malhar,4) Nat Malhar,5) Surdasi Malhar,6)Dhoolia Malhar,7)Ramdasi Malhar,8) Mirabai Ki Malhar,9) Charjoo Ki Malhar,10)Jaijaiwanthi Malhar,11) Roopamanjari Malhar ,which are associated with the monsoon and ascribed the magical power to bring rain, are rendered.
Dhuliya Malhar captures the anticipatory mood where the pre-rain gusts kick up the dust(dhool).
The raga ideally suited for this season is Megh and Miya ki Malhar(Hindusthani) and Madhyamavathi or Brindavana Saranga , Megharanjani and Amrithavarshini(Carnatic).
My Manodharma is same as above.
SHARAD RITHU:-Sharad rithu follows Varsha rithu and prcedes Hemantha rithu.The scorching heat of summer is a distant memory, the coldness of winter is yet to come. The weather is mild,pleasing and very moderate.
Moonlit nights are enchanting during this rithu,they are well-known as Sharad Purnima. Poets and epics describe lovingly the beauty and joy of moonlit nights during Sharad rithu.
Soundarya Lahari,the tantrik creation of Sri Adi Sankaracharya praises the face of Mother Goddess as "Sharthachandra vadana!"
His 7th sloka, "KvanathKanchi Dhaama Karikalabha Kumbhasthananathaa
Pariksheenaa Madhye Parinathasharath Chandravadanaa
Dhanurbaanaan Paashaan Srunimapi Dadhaana Karathalaihi
Purasthaadaasthaam Na PuramathithuRahoPurushikaa!"
(May the divine Mother with Her slender waist girdled with jingling mini-bells,body slightly bent in the middle by the weight of Her breast resembling the frontal globes of the forehead of a young elephant,Her face blooming like the autumnal full moon and Her four hands holding bow, arrow, noose and goad and who is the pride of Shiva,manifest Her presence before us!)
In the 15th sloka of Soundarya Lahari the Acharya has said:-
"Sharath Jyotsnaa Shubhraam ShashiyuthajataajootamakutaamVarathraasathraanasphatikaghatikaapusthakakaraamSakrunnaaa Thvaa Nathvaa Kathamiva Sathaam SannidadhatheMadhuksheeradraakshaamadhurimadhureenah Phanithayaha!"
(How can torrents of words,excelling even honey,milk and grapes,help flowing from the mouth of good men who but once make prostration to Thee who art endowed with the lustre of the autumnal moon,who art holding Thy two hands in the pose of granting boons and offering protection,and sporting in the other two a rosary of crystal beads and a book, and who wearest the crescent moon in Thy crown of plaited locks!)
The radiance of Sri Radha,the Divine Spouse of Lord Krishna is described as "Koti Sharadendu Mandale!"
Terms like "Sharadendu Vilasam" are mentioned in abundance by creative poets,in comparison to the moonlit nights of Sharad rithu.It was on a moonlit night during Sharad Rithu that the "Rasaleela" of Lord Krishna and the Gopis took place on the banks of River Jamuna,amidst mango and kadamba groves on the Holy land of Vrindavan.
Sharad Navaratri ,celebration of the Shakthi Goddess,is known as the Maha Navaratri. It celebrates the slaying of Mahishasura by Goddess Durga. This festival is celebrated all over India with great religious fervour and devotion.The Eastern part of India glorifies this festival as one of the primary festivals.