Saturday 25 April 2009

Nakshatras and Raga Devathas/Astrology.


There has been much talk about raga therapy.It is a vast subject that needs deep scrutiny and understanding.As far as therapy is concerned,a raga chosen for a prescribed purpose is to be understood and implemented accordingly.The jeeva swaras(key notes that contain the pulse of the raga) should be rendered in a "japa-mode"(intense and focussed) to the point of attaining "siddhi" of the raga( state of "samyoga"-unity with the raga through soulful rendering.) Therefore the fructification of a raga happens only after intense sadhana and not by merely painting a vocal or instrumental sketch of the same.The researcher should take full control of the raga through flawless rendering in order to evoke the life of the raga by coaxing the jeeva swaras.Through detailed and perfect dileanation of the raga,the researcher awakens the life-force energy of the raga !By doing so,the researcher may not be aware of the manifestation of the raga swaroopa(shape of the raga) in the form of a celestial being,invisible to the naked eye.This celestial being is none other than the Raga-devatha (demi-Goddess representing a particular raga).The researcher thus attains special boons authorized by the demi Goddess of that particular raga.There are numerous ragas that yield innumerable benefits and even influences the qualities and traits of the researcher.Yin and yang("Prakrithi-Purusha") are qualities induced by the ragas Nayaki(yin) and Darbar(yang).The coy "dha-nee dha pa ma ri..." of Nayaki versus the assertive " gaa gaa ri sa " of Darbar is a significant example of the same.Sri Muthuswami Dikshitar,in his Nayaki Krithi,"Ranganayakam" has interpreted the extreme femininity of Thayar by stressing at "dha-ni.........."lingering there right through "Ranga NAYAKI"(second verse of the pallavi)At this juncture it has to be mentioned that in the opening line "Ranganayakam",the "nayakam" is composed in such a manner that the majesty and royal command of the Lord is emphasised in the prayoga-"ri pa ma paa ri" compared to the dainty prayoga of "ri-ma-pa-dha........dha ni..."(Ranganayaki...sametham).It is ideal to practice the raga Nayaki for increase of yin in oneself and the raga Darbar for the yang factor in oneself,also as a cure for hormonal imbalance in oneself.!In all the trinity compositions,the musical expression of the qualities conveyed in the sahithya are loud and clear!
Carnatic music plays a great role in the field of vedic astrology .The 72 melakartha ragas are interwoven with the nakshatras in the zodiac system.
What are nakshatras?They are also called lunar mansions or constellations.In jyothish or Indian astrology there are 27 nakshatras prescribed by the sage Parashara(the founder of astrology).
The first nakshatra Ashwini starts at Aries 0'00" and ends at Aries 13 degrees 20 minutes.The next nakshatra Bharani starts at Aries 13.20" and ends at Aries 26.40"Then Krittika starts at Aries 26.40" and ends at Taurus 10.00"Then Rohini from taurus 10.00" to23.20 and so on,until Ravathi,which extends from Pisces16.40" to Aries 0.00".
Two nakshatras take up26'40" which is 3 degrees 20 minutes short of one full sign(a full sign is 30'00").Therefore 3 degrees 20 minutes is 1/4th of a nakshatra,and is called a nakshatra pada,or simply a pada(step).As such,Aries contains Ashwini,Bharani,,and the first pada of KrittikaTaurus contains 3 padas of Krittika,Rohini and the first two padas of Mrigasira.Each zodiac sign therefore contains 9 padas (note that 3 degrees 20 minutes multiplied by 9 is 30 " or one full zodiac sign).
The 72 melakarthas spread over all the 108 nakshatra padas are corresponding ragas meant to enhance and strengthen the particualar nakashatra of the native (whose moon was in the nakashatra at he time of his birth).To cover the entire zodiac system,each melakartha raga spreads over 5.00 degrees of the zodiac system.Nazhigai maybe calculated for accuracy(especially in the constellations where two ragas are spread,i.e,the point at which a raga finishes and the point from where another raga starts.)
The following are the nakshatras and their corresponding ragas-(Each pada -3'20",melakartha raga evenly covering 5'00" through the zodiac).
IN ARIES (MESHA RASI):-
Ashwini 1st padam-Kanakangi
2nd padam-Kanakangi ,Rathnangi
3rd padam-Rathnangi
4th padam-Ganamurthi
Bharani 1st padam-Ganamurthi ,Vanaspathi

2nd padam-Vanaspathi

3rd padam-Manavathi

4th padam-Manavathi,Tanarupi



Krittika 1st padam-Tanarupi


TAURUS (VRISHABHA RASI)-


Krittika 2nd padam-Senavathi


3rd padam-Senavathi,Hanumathodi


4th padam-Hanumathodi


Rohini 1st padam-Dhenuka


2nd padam-Dhenuka,Natakapriya


3rd padam-Natakapriya


4th padam-Kokilapriya


Mrigasira 1st padam-Kokilapriya,Rupavathi


2nd padam-Rupavathi


GEMINI (MITHUNA RASI)-


Mrigasira - 3rd padam-Gayakapriya


4th padam-Gayakapriya,Vakula Bharanam


Ardra- 1st padam-Vakula Bharanam


2nd padam-Mayamalavagowla


3rd padam-Mayamalavagowla,Chakravakam


4th padam-Chakravakam


Punarvasu- 1st padam-Suryakantham


2nd padam-Suryakantham,Hatakambari


3rd padam-Hatakamabari


CANCER (KATAKA RASI)-


Punarvasu- 4th padam-Jhankaradhwani


Pushyami- 1st padam-Jhankaradhwani,Natabhairavi


2nd padam-Natabhairavi


3rd padam-Keeravani


4th padam-Keeravani,Kharaharapriya


Aslesha- 1st padam-Kharaharapriya


2nd padam-Gowrimanohari


3rd padam-Gowrimanohari,Varunapriya


4th padam-Varunapriya


LEO (SIMHA RASI)-


Makham- 1st padam-Mararanjani


2nd padam-Mararanjani,Charukesi


3rd padam-Charukesi


4th padam-Sarasangi


Poorva Phalguni- 1st padam-Sarasangi,Harikambodhi


2nd padam-Harikambodhi


3rd padam-Dheera Sankarabharanam


4th padam-Dheera Sankarabharanam,Naganandini


Uttara Phalguni- 1st padam-Naganandini


VIRGO (KANYA RASI)-


Uttara Phalguni- 2nd padam-Yagapriya


3rd padam-Yagapriya,Ragavardhini


4th padam-Ragavardhini


Hastha- 1st padam-Gangeyabhushani


2nd padam-Gangeybhushani,Vagadheeswari


3rd padam-Vagadheeswari


4th padam-Shoolini


Chittha- 1st padam-Shoolini,Chalanata


2nd padam-Chalanata


LIBRA (THULA RASI)-


Chittha- 3rd padam-Salagam


4th padam-Salagam, Jalarnavam


Swathi- 1st padam-Jalarnavam


2nd padam-Jhalavarali


3rd padam-Jhalavarali,Navaneetham


4th padam-Navaneetham


Visakha- 1st padam-Pavani


2nd padam-Pavani,Raghupriya


3rd padam-Raghupriya


SCORPIO (VRISCHIKA RASI)-


Visakha- 4th padam-Gavambodhi


Anuradha- 1st padam-Gavambodhi,Bhavapriya


2nd padam-Bhavapriya


3rd padam-Subhapantuvarali


4th padam-Subhapantuvarali,Shadvidamargini


Jyeshta- 1st padam-Shadvidamargini



2nd padam-Suvarnangi


3rd padam-Suvarnangi,Divyamani


4th padam-Divyamani


SAGITTARIUS (DHANUSH RASI)-


Moola- 1st padam-Dhavalambari


2nd padam-Dhavalambari,Namanarayani


3rd padam-Namanarayani


4th padam-Kamavardhini


Poorva Shadha- 1st padam-Kamavardhini,Ramapriya


2nd padam-Ramapriya


3rd padam-Gamanasrama


4th padam-Gamanasrama,Viswambari


Uttara Shadha- 1st padam-Viswambari


CAPRICORN (MAKARA RASI)-


2nd padam-Syamalangi


3rd padam-Syamalangi,Shanmukhapriya


4th padam-Shanmukhapriya


Sravanam- 1st padam-Simhendramadhyamam


2nd padam-Simhendramadhyamam,Hemavathi


3rd padam-Hemavathi


4th padam-Dharmavathi


Dhanishta- 1st padam-Dharmavathi,Neethimathi


2nd padam-Neethimathi


AQUARIUS (KUMBHA RASI)-


Dhanishta- 3rd padam-Kanthamani


4th padam-Kanthamani,Rishabhapriya


Satabhisha- 1st padam-Rishabhapriya


2nd padam-Lathangi


3rd padam-Lathangi,Vachaspathi


4th padam-Vachaspathi


Poorvabhadra- 1st padam-Mechakalyani


2nd padam-Mechakalyani,Chitrambari


3rd padam-Chitrambari


PISCES (MEENA RASI)-


Poorva Bhadra- 4th padam-Sucharitra


Uttara Bhadra- 1st padam-Sucharitra,Jyothi Swaroopini


2nd padam-Jyothi Swaroopin


3rd padam-Dhatuvardini


4th padam-Dhatuvardini,Nasikabhooshani


Revathi- 1st padam-Nasikabhooshani


2nd padam-Kosalam


3rd padam-Kosalam,Rasikapriya


4th padam-Rasikapriya


According to the tables given above,one should take up the practice of the raga corresponding to one's nakshatra or lagna(ascendant) placed in a particular constellation,or a specific constellation connected to one's dasa lord(by way of placement or ownership).Such a practice of the required raga according to the chart not only enhances,strengthens and energises that particular nakshatra,any dosha in case of the nakshatra's relationship to a malefic planet in the native's chart is also effectively nullified.The same may be applied to the principle of transit too!For the appeasement of sade sathi or seven and a half saturn, the researcher could render the corresponding raga of whichever nakshatra saturn is transiting or maybe placed in the natal chart,for the evil effects of saturn to be destroyed.